Post-Qadhafi Libya: Continuous conflict, political instability

Anarchy, a failed state, and a power vacuum are just a few of the expressions used by political analysts or journalists to describe the current situation in Libya.

Whoever is responsible for the political and humanitarian catastrophe in the country must support the world’s confrontation and the international community’s lack of encouragement and initiation of civilian governance in the country. It was a 42-year authoritarian regime for the Libyans under Colonel Moammar Gadhafi, who overthrew King Idris al-Senussi in 1969 and ruled the country until February 17, 2011.

Although the oil-rich North African country has high hopes for ultimately political and economic stability, as well as the much-needed reforms, it was announced in May 2014 by Gen. Khalifa Haftar that Benghazi fought against ISIS terrorists and later supported by domestic and foreign powers. With the military and political support of Russia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Saudi Arabia, France, and the United States, Haftar seized the Libyan territories most from east to south and is now fighting the National Agreement Government (GNA).

The Tripoli-based government established in 2016 as a result of a United Nations commissioned process to seize control of the country and establish a military regime that was no different from that of Gadhafi.

Haftar convinced the regional and international forces that he could lead to the capital of Tripoli in a very short time and to attack the skirts of the city with an attack launched on 4 April. Aggression against capital only increased the humanitarian cost of the Libyan civil war.

The current conflict between the Libyan National Army (LNA), the Haftar militia, was described as a military deadlock by a senior US official at a meeting with journalists and experts in Tripoli last week. “The military stalemate may continue for some time. Approximately 1000 troops continue to fight on both sides in area 30 to 40 kilometers from central Tripoli. Both sides have an almost the same weapon and about the same manpower,” the UN official said.

Define the scope of the conflict. If the fighters can assume that the current situation is not a military stalemate and can still win from the other side, they will not be convinced to start negotiations. Our role as the United Nations is to convince both sides. He has tied to the end of hostilities the beginning of the political dialogue. “He acknowledged that both sides have the same resources and are supported by foreign powers.

Despite the efforts of the US Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) and the US Special Representative to Libya Ghassan Salame, the Libyan authorities have harshly censored the US and the international community to provide political and military support to the forces of Haftar. “We are trying to establish a civilian government and a democratic order. However, due to the support of the international community’s military dictatorship, our efforts went in vain,” said Tripoli City Council member Naser Andrew. Journalists and experts in the capital of Libya.

Gharyan mayor Yousif Bdiri, a small town 50 kilometers south of Tripoli, stressed that the international community would be partially blamed for the failure of the integration process. “The non-implementation of the integration process stems from the international community. They were not serious or willing to support civilian life. They were not interested in integrating militia forces into a disciplined and educated Libyan national army.” Dire human condition despite the long Mediterranean coast, Tripoli has not been described as an attractive tourist destination. In particular, after the outbreak of the civil war and the collapse of Kadhafi, there are currently no foreign tourists covered with rubbish, as the municipality is unable to provide and provide services effectively.

In the capital of Libya, it is difficult to have uninterrupted water and electricity supply in the foothills and other cities due to attacks on electricity networks and channels. Some neighborhoods not receive power for up to eight hours a day, Khalid al-Mishri, President of the Supreme Council of the Council of State, approved at a recent meeting with journalists. Al-Mishri said the municipality has not been able to supply electricity to Zawiya, a northwestern Libyan city, for a month since the main power grid that supplies the city was attacked.

Attacks on hospitals and medical equipment units make the situation of civilians even more difficult. For example, the attack on a small hospital in the Oil Clinic in Tripoli by Haftar forces destroyed medical supplies on 24 May.

The World Health Organization (WHO), published on 13 June, reportedly caught 13 ambulances, six health workers were killed and 10 injured. Four health facilities were hit by air strikes or bombers; As a result, two of these hospitals were completely evacuated.

The World Health Organization report also revealed that 653 people have been killed and 41 civilians since the outbreak of the Tripoli war. The report stated that 3,547 people were injured, including 126 civilians.US officials also stressed the worsening situation for internally displaced persons. More than 90,000 people had to leave their homes and seek refuge in Tripoli. Some have taken refuge in their relatives’ homes, but some have been placed in centers – mostly schools where they must reside in every family.

According to Libyan Economy Minister Ali Abdulaziz Issawi, the war hammers the healthy allocation of resources among the most displaced civilians in need, but the National Oil Company’s production reached 1.25 million barrels per day. The country expects to generate $ 25 billion to $ 28 billion of oil revenue this year. However, according to US officials, the rise in defense spending due to the ongoing war is preventing fair and healthy allocation of revenues.

Officials of the Libyan State High Council said that 77 families currently live in these schools and that the municipality is trying to provide blankets and beds to families with international missions. The government asked for help to take care of local scout families and children.

When visiting one of these schools in Tripoli, Omar ibn Khattab, the humanitarian cost of the Tripoli war became more apparent. Families are struggling to survive in classes under mortar just outside Tripoli. In their classrooms, they only have thin carpets, mattresses, electricity and a few thin pillows and old blankets.

A newborn baby, Ahmad Ali, was crying in one of the classes in another school. Her mother, Hamida, said she was 1 month old and her family lived in school for two months. Ahmad Ali was born in this class. Despite the unimaginable circumstances of anyone who did not witness a war, Hamida’s husband Khallat was grateful.”Al Hamdulillah,” he said because he was the father of four children, only alive and with his family.

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