The United Nations has slammed the authorities of Pakistan and India for violations of human rights in the disputed Kashmir region. The top officials of the UN had called for international inquiry. The first report in the human rights situation in Kashmir has been divided between Pakistan and India for decades. The UN has stated that there were instances of human rights violations and abuses on both sides of the Line of Control.
The report was quite critical of Pakistan and the primary focus of the report is the human rights situation between July 2016 and April 2018 in Jammu and Kashmir. India has rejected the allegations and has called the report tendentious, motivated and fallacious. The Pakistani government on the other hand has welcomed the call for international inquiry.
The Indian and Pakistan government had not provided unconditional access to the region and hence the UN had to rely on public information. They had to monitor humanitarian organizations, human rights activists and journalists in order to get the results. Kashmir is one of the most enduring geopolitical points in the world and it is a Muslim-majority region. The region is also the epicenter for the rivalry between India and Pakistan.
The two neighboring countries had fought three wars against each other and two of them were over Kashmir. Since 1858, India had been ruled by the British and had acquired independence in August 1947. The situation in Kashmir remains tense for a larger portion of the year and both the countries are accusing each other for ceasefire violations.
Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, the UN’s High Commissioner for Human Rights stated that the dispute between India and Pakistan have been in center stage for a very long period of time and the conflict has robbed a large number of people of their basic human rights and they survive in pitiful conditions.